Glossary of Terms
Artificial Turf – Synthetic Grass – Glossary of Terms
(877) 553-7277 (FRASS)
*Synthetic grass blends in with the neighborhood so well you could drive by and not realize. You would never catch these artificial grass owners watering their lawn.
- What glossary of terms about artificial turf would be complete without a summary of some of the names for artificial turf itself? We’ve heard it all at “Frass” Fake Grass. Some of these are just slang for the industry and synthetic turf products. Here they are: “Frass” (our favorite, and short for ‘fake grass’), artificial grass, artificial turf, artificial lawn, artificial sod, fake grass, fake turf, fake lawn, fake sod, synthetic grass, synthetic turf, synthetic lawn, synthetic sod, synthetic grass lawn, synthetic turf lawn, synthetic sod lawn, Astroturf, Field Turf, Home Turf, The combination is seemingly endless.
- Sod Cutter: This is a machine which cuts real grass or sod in even depths and widths so it can be rolled up and removed easily to prepare for the base of the artificial turf system.
- Roto Tiller: This is a machine which churns up the ground and is often used in planting and farming but Home Turf uses it to break up dry or lumpy soil and to remove patchy real grass to prepare for the artificial grass base.
- Sprinkler Cap: This is the fitting that screws on to where we remove the sprinkler head, and is the beginning of big water savings from your artificial grass.
- Sprinkler Plug: This is the fitting that screws into, not on, where we remove your sprinkler head and serves the same purpose which is water conservation and to prepare for the artificial grass lawn base.
- Green Treated Lumber: We sometimes bury this special wood in the aggregate base below the artificial turf to prevent dogs and pets from pulling up the edges of the turf.
- Vibrating Plate Compactor: This is the machine used to compact the rock base below the synthetic grass. A 90% compaction rate of aggregate is desirable.
- Dump Trailer: This is a trailer that dumps itself and saves labor hours and makes the installation of artificial grass more affordable for you.
- Trowel: This is a flat and sharp edged tool which Frass uses to ensure that the borders or perimeter of your artificial turf lawn are a consistent level. This way your artificial lawn looks like it has been mowed to a very exacting height and looks like real grass.
- Landscape Border: This comes in many forms for the edges of the artificial grass lawn and base. Bender board, black plastic, green treated lumber, flexible redwood are just a few of the options available to you for the border of your artificial turf lawn.
- Base: This is the layer of rock below the turf. For most artificial grass installations, about three inches is required. This fills the area back up where the real grass was removed, and helps shape and smooth the surface for the artificial turf to lay on.
- Grade: This is the level and slope of the base below the synthetic grass lawn.
- Aggregate: can be any kind of rock below the artificial grass.
- Compaction Rate: This is the percentage of how hard the rock base is below the synthetic turf.
- D.G. (Decomposed Granite): This is a ¼” minus size rock so it compacts well, and has good drainage. The surface can be compacted smooth so no bumps or rocks are felt below the artificial turf.
- Gutter Spikes: These are one of the fasteners Frass uses to secure the artificial grass down to the base. These are hot dipped galvanized so that they don’t rust below your synthetic grass lawn. Spikes are seven inches long, so they penetrate the artificial turf, the aggregate base, and the sub-soil to keep the turf secure for years to come.
- Timber Ties: These are another fastener we use to secure the synthetic turf to the aggregate base and sub-soil. These are a six inch spike, which have a spiral shape body, almost like a screw. When these spikes penetrate the artificial grass they twist into the rock base below almost like a screw and keep your artificial turf secure.
- Weed Barrier Mesh: This is a cloth that keeps weeds from growing up through the artificial turf. It usually comes in four-foot-wide sections and goes on top of the rock base and under the synthetic turf.
- Mylar: This is a film used to spread glue on in order to seam pieces of artificial grass together.
- Seaming Cloth: This is a cloth form of mylar which serves the same purpose, to spread glue on to piece the cuts of artificial turf together.
- 3M Rubber and Gasket Adhesive: This is one of the types of glue required to seam artificial turf in an outdoor landscaping setting. Many types of glue will break down, allowing the artificial grass to come apart over time. Frass uses only the best products for your home or business artificial grass landscaping needs.
- Nordot 3: This is another brand of glue which can be used for seaming artificial turf cuts together.
- Astroturf: This is a brand name of only one artificial turf manufacturer. This term seems to be used interchangeably for all brands of fake grass.
- Infill: This is the granules used to brush down into the fibers of the artificial turf to keep the blades or fibers standing up. Many different types of infill can be used such as 30 grit silica sand, rubber – which is recycled tires and tennis shoes, acrylic coated silica sand or anything else that is cost effective enough – and with the right characteristics to use for keeping the synthetic grass fibers standing straight up. Another reason for infill is to protect the turf backing from ultraviolet rays which can break the backing down over time. Infill primarily helps the artificial turf fibers stand up to high traffic.
- Recovery: This means the standing back up of the artificial grass lawn fibers after they are stepped on, or crushed down somehow. Infill helps in the recovery of the fibers.
- Turf: This term is used interchangeably it seems, for real grass lawns, or artificial grass lawns. There are many varieties of artificial turf on the market today. Frass carries only the best American made artificial grass products on the market. Artificial grass lawn or ‘turf’ products are manufactured using a wide variety of materials. Polypropylene, polyethylene, nylon (in SOME products which has been the cause of some controversy in the Artificial Turf Industry), are some of the yarn fibers used to create the real grass looking part of the artificial grass product. Synthetic grass yarn or fibers can be stitched or ‘tufted’ into many different types of backing. Urethane, Dura-Flow, Bio-Cell, Enviro-Cell, are just a few of the options available. Each backing type for artificial grass lawn products has it’s benefits. If you have dogs in your Palmdale California real estate we recommend a certain backing for your turf, if you want to play football or sports we recommend another backing type for your artificial turf. Most of our artificial turf products can be custom manufactured for your specific needs. We can tuft the fiber content of your choice into the appropriate backing to suit your function and form(or appearance you desire for your artificial lawn).
- Urethane Backing: This is the most common and least expensive artificial turf backing. It looks like black plastic with holes drilled in it (perforated) for drainage. This is a petroleum based product and will not pass recycling and environmental standards of the near future for synthetic grass lawn products.
- Enviro-Cell Backing: This is a soy-based backing and is the environmentally conscious backing for your artificial turf lawn. This type of backing is completely permeable and doesn’t rely on the holes drilled in it or perforations for drainage.